Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Theoretical nanophysics laboratory

Upcoming quantum-nanophysics seminars
Scientific Council of the Landau Institute, Friday, December 15, 2017, Landau Institute, 11:30 am

A.M. Dyugaev

Poverkhnostnye mikrochastitsy v zhidkom gelii. Kvantovyi zakon Arkhimeda

Issledovany otkloneniya ot zakona Arkhimeda dlya sfericheskikh chastits radiusa R0, vypolnennykh iz molekulyarnogo vodoroda u poverkhnosti zhidkogo He4. Klassicheskii zakon Arkhimeda imeet mesto, esli R0 bol'she kapillyarnoi dliny geliya Lk ≅ 500 µm. Pri etom velichina vozvysheniya chastitsy nad zhidkost'yu h+ ~ R0. V oblasti 30 < R0 < 500 µm sila Arkhimeda podavlyaetsya siloi poverkhnostnogo natyazheniya i h+~ R03⁄Lk2. Pri R0 < 30 µm chastitsa nakhoditsya pod poverkhnost'yu zhidkosti. Zdes' sila Arkhimeda konkuriruet s siloi Kazimira, kotoraya ottalkivaet chastitsu ot poverkhnosti vglub' zhidkosti. Rasstoyanie chastitsy do poverkhnosti h- ~ Rs5⁄3⁄R02⁄3, esli R0 > Rs. Zdes' Rs – masshtab, nabrannyi, v osnovnom, iz mirovykh postoyannykh, Rs ≈ (?c/?g)1⁄5 ≈ 1µm. (? - postoyannaya Planka, c - skorost' sveta, g – uskorenie svobodnogo padeniya, ?He – plotnost' geliya). Dlya ochen' malen'kikh chastits ( R0 < Rs) rasstoyanie do poverkhnosti zhidkosti h- ne zavisit ot ikh razmera h- = Rs.

Scientific Council of the Landau Institute, Friday, December 15, 2017, Landau Institute, 11:30 am

P.D. Grigor'ev

Medlennye ostsillyatsii magnitosoprotivleniya v vysokotemperaturnykh sverkhprovodnikakh YBCO: ikh chastota daet ploshchad' karmanov poverkhnosti Fermi ili velichinu mezhsloevogo pereskoka elektronov

Nablyudaemye magnitnykh kvantovye ostsillyatsii (MKO) v vysokotemperaturnykh sverkhprovodnikakh YBCO (YBa2Cu3O6 +x i YBa2Cu4O8) imeyut dovol'no neobychnyi sostav garmonik. Preobrazovanie Fur'e etikh MKO soderzhit tri blizkikh ravnoudalennykh pika pri dostatochno nizkikh chastotakh ~530T i 530+-90T, chto sootvetstvuet okolo 2% zony Brillyuena, prichem tsentral'nyi pik imeet amplitudu v ~2 raza vyshe, chem dva pika s kazhdoi iz storon. Obshcheprinyatoe ob'yasnenie takikh kvantovykh ostsillyatsii predpolagaet perestroiku iskhodnoi bol'shoi poverkhnosti Fermi iz-za fluktuiruyushchei volny zaryadovoi plotnosti (VZP). Odnako takoe ob'yasnenie imeet ryad sushchestvennykh nedostatkov. Naprimer, ono predpolagaet takzhe nabor drugikh blizkikh chastot MKO, kotorye ne nablyudayutsya eksperimental'no. Krome etogo, v etoi modeli nablyudaemye chastoty MKO dolzhny sil'no zaviset' ot urovnya dopirovaniya, chto takzhe ne nablyudaetsya v eksperimente. My predlagaem al'ternativnuyu interpretatsiyu nablyudaemykh magnitnykh ostsillyatsii v YBCO, kotoraya dovol'no estestvennym obrazom ob'yasnyaet nablyudaemuyu kartinu bez dopolnitel'nykh podgonochnykh parametrov. Eta predlagaemaya model' MKO uchityvaet dvukhsloinuyu kristallicheskuyu strukturu YBCO i vklyuchaet sootvetstvuyushchee rasshcheplenie elektronnogo spektra i dispersiyu elektronov perpendikulyarno provodyashchim sloyam. Pri etom osnovnaya nablyudaemaya chastota ~530T sootvetstvuet velichine bisloinogo rasshchepleniya, a ne malomu karmanu poverkhnosti Fermi (PF), vyzvannomu ee perestroikoi iz-za VZP. Takie "medlennye" magnitnye ostsillyatsii poyavlyayutsya dazhe bez perestroiki PF i pochti ne zavisyat ot urovnya dopirovaniya. Krome togo, v otlichie ot obychnykh MKO, eti "medlennye" ostsillyatsii ne podavlyayutsya dlinnovolnovoi prostranstvennoi neodnorodnost'yu obraztsa, tipichnoi dlya VTSP kristallov i privodyashchei k razmytiyu urovnya Fermi vdol' obraztsa. Poetomu oni legche nablyudayutsya v eksperimente. Predlozhennaya interpretatsiya pozvolyaet razreshit' «protivorechie» dannykh ARPES i MKO, a takzhe ob'yasnyaet nekotorye drugie osobennosti nablyudaemykh MKO v YBCO, kotorye dovol'no slozhno ob'yasnit' stsenariem perestroiki PF vyzvannoi VZP.

Visiting address:

Laboratory building, room 122
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Dolgoprudny, Russia

contact e-mail address: nanotheory@phystech.edu (head M.V.Feigel'man, deputy head I.V.Zagorodnev)

Research topics
  • Mesoscopic electronic systems
  • Superconducting hybrid structures
  • Quantum phase transitions
  • Spintronics
  • 2DEG and quantum Hall effect
  • Quantum magnetism and topological order
  • Physics of quantum computation